1 219 090 km2
Key economic sectors
Mining services and transport, energy, manufacturing, tourism, agriculture
Total: 51 770 560
Male: 23 188 791 (48,7%)
Female: 26 581 769 (51,3%)
0 – 14 years: 15 100 089
15 – 64 years: 33 904 480
Households: 14,45 million
- Sesotho sa Leboa
Constitutional multiparty, three-tier (local, provincial, national) democracy. Read more about South Africa's government.
- Pretoria (administrative)
- Cape Town (legislative)
- Bloemfontein (judicial)
- Western Cape
- Eastern Cape
- Northern Cape
- Free State
- North West
Rand (ZAR). 100 cents equals one rand
GMT +2 hours
- Cape Town to Johannesburg 1 400 km (880 miles)
- Johannesburg to Durban 600 km (380 miles)
- Port Elizabeth to Bloemfontein 700 km (440 miles)
Excellent roads, rail and air facilities (both domestic and international). Public transport in major cities include the Gautrain between Johannesburg and Pretoria and the Bus Rapid Transport System in Cape Town, Johannesburg and Pretoria.
World-class infrastructure. Internet access is widely available. There are five mobile (cellular) networks.
Levied at 14%. Tourists may apply for tax refunds on purchases over R250 on departure.
Top-quality healthcare is available throughout the country, although basic in rural areas.
Inoculations are only required for those travelling from yellow-fever areas. Malaria precautions are necessary in some areas.